used in the Florida Statutes, except as otherwise provided, the
vehicle" means any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top
speed is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25
miles per hour, including neighborhood electric vehicles. Low-speed
vehicles must comply with the safety standards in 49 C.F.R. s.
571.500 and s. 316.2122.
Definitions, general.--As used in the Florida Statutes, except
as otherwise provided, the term:
(22) "Golf cart" means a motor vehicle that is
designed and manufactured for operation on a golf course for
sporting or recreational purposes and that is not capable of
exceeding speeds of 20 miles per hour.
Definitions.--The following words and phrases, when used in this
chapter, shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in
this section, except where the context otherwise requires:
CART.--A motor vehicle designed and manufactured for operation on a
golf course for sporting or recreational purposes.
low-speed vehicle may be operated only on streets where the
posted speed limit is 35 miles per hour or less. This does
not prohibit a low-speed vehicle from crossing a road or street at
an intersection where the road or street has a posted speed limit of
more than 35 miles per hour.
(2) A low-speed
vehicle must be equipped with headlamps, stop lamps, turn
signal lamps, taillamps, reflex reflectors, parking brakes, rearview
mirrors, windshields, seat belts, and vehicle identification
low-speed vehicle must be registered and insured in
accordance with s. 320.02.
(4) Any person
operating a low-speed vehicle must have in his or her possession a
valid driver's license.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
(5) A county
or municipality may prohibit the operation of low-speed vehicles on
any road under its jurisdiction if the governing body of the county
or municipality determines that such prohibition is necessary in the
interest of safety.
Department of Transportation may prohibit the operation of low-speed
vehicles on any road under its jurisdiction if it determines that
such prohibition is necessary in the interest of safety.
golf cart may be operated only upon a county road
that has been designated by a county, or a municipal street
that has been designated by a municipality, for use by golf
carts. Prior to making such a designation, the responsible
local governmental entity must first determine that golf carts may
safely travel on or cross the public road or street, considering
factors including the speed, volume, and character of motor vehicle
traffic using the road or street. Upon a determination that golf
carts may be safely operated on a designated road or street, the
responsible governmental entity shall post appropriate signs
to indicate that such operation is allowed.
(5) A golf
cart must be equipped with efficient brakes, reliable steering
apparatus, safe tires, a rearview mirror, and red reflectorized
warning devices in both the front and rear.
(6) A golf
cart may not be operated on public roads or streets by
any person under the age of 14.
(4) A golf
cart may be operated only during the hours between sunrise and
sunset, unless the responsible governmental entity has
determined that a golf cart may be operated during the hours between
sunset and sunrise and the golf cart is equipped with headlights,
brake lights, turn signals, and a windshield.
. . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(2) A golf
cart may be operated on a part of the State Highway System only
under the following conditions:
(a) To cross a
portion of the State Highway System which intersects a county road
or municipal street that has been designated for use by golf carts
if the Department of Transportation has reviewed and approved the
location and design of the crossing and any traffic control devices
needed for safety purposes.
(b) To cross,
at midblock, a part of the State Highway System where a golf course
is constructed on both sides of the highway if the Department of
Transportation has reviewed and approved the location and design of
the crossing and any traffic control devices needed for safety
(c) A golf
cart may be operated on a state road that has been designated for
transfer to a local government unit pursuant to s. 335.0415
if the Department of Transportation determines that the operation of
a golf cart within the right-of-way of the road will not impede the
safe and efficient flow of motor vehicular traffic. The department
may authorize the operation of golf carts on such a road if:
1. The road is
the only available public road along which golf carts may travel or
cross or the road provides the safest travel route among alternative
routes available; and
2. The speed,
volume, and character of motor vehicular traffic using the road is
considered in making such a determination.
Upon its determination that golf carts may be operated on a given
road, the department shall post appropriate signs on the road to
indicate that such operation is allowed.
(3) Any other
provision of this section to the contrary notwithstanding, a golf
cart may be operated for the purpose of crossing a street or highway
where a single mobile home park is located on both sides of the
street or highway and is divided by that street or highway, provided
that the governmental entity having original jurisdiction over such
street or highway shall review and approve the location of the
crossing and require implementation of any traffic controls needed
for safety purposes. This subsection shall apply only to residents
or guests of the mobile home park. Any other provision of law to the
contrary notwithstanding, if notice is posted at the entrance and
exit to any mobile home park that residents of the park utilize golf
carts or electric vehicles within the confines of the park it shall
not be necessary that the park have a gate or other device at the
entrance and exit in order for such golf carts or electric vehicles
to be lawfully operated in the park.
(7) A local
governmental entity may enact an ordinance regarding golf cart
operation and equipment which is more restrictive than those
enumerated in this section. Upon enactment of any such ordinance,
the local governmental entity shall post appropriate signs or
otherwise inform the residents that such an ordinance exists and
that it shall be enforced within the local government's
jurisdictional territory. An ordinance referred to in this section
must apply only to an unlicensed driver.
violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic
infraction, punishable pursuant to chapter 318 as a moving
violation for infractions of subsection (1), subsection (2),
subsection (3), subsection (4), or a local ordinance corresponding
thereto and enacted pursuant to subsection (7), or punishable
pursuant to chapter 318 as a nonmoving violation for infractions of
subsection (5), subsection (6), or a local ordinance corresponding
thereto and enacted pursuant to subsection (7).